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By Brian S. Mitchell

An creation to fabrics Engineering and technology for Chemical and fabrics Engineers presents an excellent history in fabrics engineering and technological know-how for chemical and fabrics engineering scholars. This book:

  • Organizes themes on degrees; through engineering topic zone and via fabrics classification.
  • Incorporates tutorial targets, active-learning rules, design-oriented difficulties, and web-based details and visualization to supply a different academic adventure for the coed.
  • Provides a starting place for knowing the constitution and houses of fabrics equivalent to ceramics/glass, polymers, composites, bio-materials, in addition to metals and alloys.
  • Takes an built-in method of the topic, instead of a "metals first" approach.

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Additional info for An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science for Chemical and Materials Engineers

Example text

G. Guy, and J. J. Hren, Elements of Physical Metallurgy, p. 208, 3rd ed. Copyright  1974 by Addison-Wesley. 35) is called Bragg’s law and is a very important result. It says that if we bombard a crystal lattice with X rays of a known wavelength and at a known angle, we will be able to detect diffracted X rays of various intensities that represent a specific interplanar spacing in the lattice. 27. Note how the sum of the Miller indices, or order, for each plane increases from left to right in the pattern, and also note how different planes have different intensities.

The triclinic crystal, of which there is only one type, has three different lattice parameters, and none of its interaxial angles are orthogonal, though they are all equal. Finally, we revisit the hexagonal system in order to provide some additional details. 17. The primitive hexagonal cell has lattice points only at its corners and has one atom in the center of the primitive cell, for a basis of two atoms. A basis is a unit assembly of atoms identical in composition, arrangement, and orientation that is placed in a regular manner on the lattice to form a space lattice.

We could also account for additional van der Waals interactions, but this effect is relatively small in lattices. 2 The Covalent Bond. Recall that covalent bonding results when electrons are “shared” by similar atoms. The simplest example is that of a hydrogen molecule, H2 . We begin by using molecular orbital theory to represent the bonding. Two atomic orbitals (1s) overlap to form two molecular orbitals (MOs), represented by σ : one bonding orbital (σ 1s), and one antibonding orbital, (σ ∗ 1s), where the asterisk superscript indicates antibonding.

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