By Joy G. Dryfoos;Carol Barkin
Of the 33 million young people within the usa, nearly 10 million are vulnerable to failing to develop into liable adults. They attend colleges that don't serve their wishes, lack the help of worrying adults, and, for this reason, are alienated from mainstream society. African-American and Hispanic youngsters, more and more segregated in deprived neighborhoods, are rather vulnerable.
In Adolescence: transforming into Up in the US Today, a follow-up to pleasure Dryfoos's landmark quantity, Adolescents at Risk (OUP, 1991), pleasure Dryfoos and Carol Barkin take an in depth examine the lives of youngsters, establish a few of their difficulties, and current options according to cutting-edge prevention and therapy suggestions. They study vital matters in youngsters' lives--sex, violence, medicines, health and wellbeing, psychological well-being, and schooling. Reviewing winning prevention courses and coverage experiences, Dryfoos and Barkin display that we all know what to do to avoid high-risk behaviors: teenagers have to identify relationships with adults; mom and dad must be thinking about their kid's lives; and courses have to be entire, delicate to cultural ameliorations, and staffed via hugely educated personnel.
Dryfoos and Barkin argue that turning our backs on teenagers will result in anxious effects: the success hole will develop, results will irritate, institution structures will fight with the growing to be disparities, and we as a country will fall at the back of the remainder of the realm in our ability to coach our adolescence. If, even though, we choose that we'd like a greater caliber of lifestyles for our kids, we are going to insure that each younger individual has entry to an outstanding schooling. faculties, formative years employees, and fogeys can't by myself supply a greater caliber of existence for our kids, yet every one needs to play a massive function, and all needs to interact. supplying a roadmap for the advance and implementation of sound guidelines for American childrens within the twenty-first century, this quantity is a must-read for a person drawn to the way forward for our nation's adolescence.
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Extra resources for Adolescence: Growing Up in America Today
In the early 1970s, when I worked at the Alan Guttmacher Institute, we wanted to communicate the "problem of teenage pregnancy" to the American public. Up until 1972, we had access to data only on the number of births by age, but a new data collection system had just been put into place to gain access to statistics on abortion for the first time. Knowing that many pregnancies end in miscarriages, we also had to adjust for that factor. A very enlightened advisory committee helped us with that problem (including Ashley Montagu, Charles Westoff, and Christopher Tietze); on the basis of existing research, we formulated the ratios of 20% miscarriages to the number of live births and 10% miscarriages to the number of abortions.
Teenagers have intercourse? "2 About onethird of both females and males said it was against their religion and morals. Some 25% of females and 18% of males were afraid of pregnancy, and 21% of females and 17% of males hadn't found the right person yet. Others feared STDs. White teens were much more likely to cite religion and morals than Hispanic or black teens. About half of all teens reported that they had talked to a parent about "how to say no to sex" and methods of birth control. About 11% of males and 13% of females had taken a pledge to remain virgins until marriage.
S. Department of Labor (see Chapter 8 for more on work). WHAT AR£ T££NA6*£RS P0IN&? We know quite a lot about what adolescents are doing (or at least we think we do). We have access to significant amounts of data over an extended period of time from many different sources. • The United States Census takes place every decade, and the Census Bureau also conducts annual surveys on population, social, and economic trends. • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has been fielding the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) of 9th through 12th graders biannually since 1991.