By A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov
This monograph is dedicated to the activation and numerous changes of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes), i.e. reactions observed through the C--H and C--C bond cleavage. Alkanes are the most ingredients of oil and traditional fuel, and for this reason are the important feedstocks for the chemical undefined. however, those components are identified to be the least reactive natural compounds. targeted awareness is paid to the lately chanced on alkane activations in the presence of steel complexes, that are defined in additional aspect. as well as the reactions of saturated hydrocarbons that are the major subject of this publication, the activation of C--H bonds in arenes or even olefins and acetylenes are thought of. The monograph may be beneficial not just if you happen to have an interest in the activation of alkanes and different hydrocarbons through steel complexes, but in addition for experts in homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, petrochemistry, and organometallic chemistry. a few elements of the monograph may be of curiosity for experts in inorganic and natural chemistry, theoretical chemistry, biochemistry or even biology, and additionally in the event you paintings within the petrochemical undefined, business natural synthesis and biotechnology.
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Extra resources for Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Metal Complexes Category should be: CHEMISTRY
The study of hydroperoxides, ROOH, produced from hydrocarbons, RH, has shown the structure of R in ROOH to be the same as in the initial RH, which confirms that a hydroperoxide is formed in the interaction of radical with the molecule of the initial hydrocarbon The evidence for the chain mechanism of hydrocarbon oxidation is primarily based on the observation of the enhancing effect of light, ionizing radiation and small additions of various initiators easily decomposing into free radicals, as well as the inhibiting effect of such compounds as phenols or aromatic amines that readily react with free radicals.
H. Acc. Chem. Res. 1990, 23, 95. (e) Crabtree, R. H. Angew. , Int. Ed. Engl. 1993, 32, 789. (f) Heinekey, D. ; Oldham, W. , Jr. Chem. Rev. 1993, 93, 913. ; Perutz, R. N. Chem. Rev. 1996, 96, 3125. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. (a) Sykes, P. A Guidebook to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry; Longman: London, 1971, Ch. 6. (b) Dneprovskiy, A. ; Temnikova, T. I. Theoretical Principles of Organic Chemistry, Khimiya: Leningrad, 1979, Chpts. 14, 15 (in Russian). (a) Taqui Khan, M. ; Martell, A. E. Homogeneous Catalysis by Metal Complexes; Vol.
Each methylene group added to the alkyl chain increases k by approximately Alkyl radicals formed via abstraction of the hydrogen atom may react with molecular oxygen present in the solution; if dioxygen is replaced with carbon monoxide, carbonylation of the alkane occurs to produce an aldehyde or a ketone Transformations in the Absence of Metals 29 [12d]. A theoretical study of H-abstraction from aliphatic alcohols was carried out [12f]. 1 presents total rate constants and branching percentages for the reactions of with various straight-chain and branched alkanes [12h].