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By John R. Perry

This is often the 1st entire reference grammar of Tajik, the Persian of principal Asia, to seem in English. It describes the trendy literary language, with examples of colloquial and dialect utilization, from the early Soviet interval (1920s) up till Tajikistan's independence after 2001. Grammatical examples, taken from various literary resources, are given in either the Cyrillic and Perso-Arabic scripts. whole verb paradigms, a grammatical index, and parallel word-indexes in either writing structures make it effortless to discover specific issues. crucial for the Iranologist and comparative linguist, for the the scholar or instructor of Tajik Persian, and a invaluable complement should you paintings with Persian of Iran or Afghanistan. With wide indexes.

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Extra resources for A Tajik Persian Reference Grammar

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Juy 'seek'- (Stem ljustan), and the compound донишҷӯ(й) (cs)j ? >V»b 'student' (donis 'knowledge' + Stem I justan). In many cases this у may be dropped when the word is end-stopped {in jo 'this place, here'; bigu * say V\donifju 'student', a modern borrowing from SP). 7. 11). Intrusive n. In a number of Tajik nominals and one formative, a vowel is followed by n where no n is recorded lexically for CP or SP cognates. Since this occurs either word-finally or before g, the process seems to be one of nasalization of the vowel.

Line (of writing)' (bothcaTp /satr/), or ci>jLJ 'command, emirate'; c^jLo-c 'cultivation; building' (both иморат /imorat/). This involves mainly literary vocab- PHONOLOGY AND ORTHOGRAPHY 15 ulary. Nevertheless, dictionaries of homonyms are quite useful in Cyrillic-script Tajik; a recent one (M. Назриева, Луғати омонимҳои забони тоҷикй, 1992) runs to 240 pages and some 2,000 entries. 2 Vowels (J): Stable and Unstable According to the canons of Modern Literary Tajik as established in the 1930s, there are six vowel phonemes in standard Tajik Persian, articulated as follows (those boxed are the so-called "unstable" vowels; see below).

H/ tends to be dropped in all positions, particularly in southern dialects: /andivol/ 'neighbor' (ham-divor, cf. assimilation of /m/, above); моҳрӯ JJ-AI a /moiru/ 'female name'; пошшо 1 liL» /poSSo/ 'monarch; part of name' (

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