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By Stephen Colvin

A ancient Greek Reader presents an advent to the background of the traditional Greek language through a sequence of texts with linguistic statement, cross-referenced to one another and to a reference grammar on the entrance. It bargains a range of epigraphic and literary texts from the Mycenaean interval (roughly the fourteenth century BC) to the koiné (the most modern textual content dates to the second one century AD), and incorporates a wide variety of Greek dialect texts. The epigraphic part balances a couple of recognized inscriptions with fresh discoveries that won't be simply on hand somewhere else; a range of literary texts strains significant advancements within the language of Greek poetry and literary prose. The e-book finishes with an account of the linguistic and sociolinguistic history of koiné Greek. The observation assumes no previous wisdom of Greek historic linguistics, yet offers a easy quantity of up to date bibliography in order that complex scholars and others can pursue linguistic matters at larger intensity the place priceless.

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Extra info for A historical Greek reader: Mycenaean to the Koiné

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In later Gk. a linking -ovowel was generally inserted between root and suffix). §14. Verbs There are relatively few verbal forms in the Mycenaean tablets, owing to their inventory format. §15 Introduction 15 1. Personal endings: 3 sing. , which has -τοι/-ντοι. Myc. -Cyp. has retained the inherited ending, while the other dialects have innovated (extending the a-vocalism from the 1st person). 2. Augment The augment is mostly absent in Mycenaean (one reasonably certain case: a-pe-do-ke, which is also found in the unaugmented form a-pudo-ke).

2 Cowgill (1965: 167–8), López Eire (1986). 3 Rix (1976: 252, 256–7), Ruijgh (1992: 464–6). 4 Humbert (1960: 42), Horrocks (1997: 127). §33. Aeolic The Aeolic dialects bear witness to a relatively brief period of common development followed by a much longer process of areal convergence (Boeotian and Thessalian have features in common with West Greek, Lesbian with East Greek). Whether proto-Aeolic was in the Bronze Age a north-western or south-eastern idiom (§8) is a vexed question, and perhaps misconceived (it implies a strongly genetic rather than an areal model of how dialects develop).

4. a-stem masc. gen. sing. 2): cf. Myc. gen. sing. su-qo-ta-o, ‘swineherd’ (Hom. συβ τη ). In Arc. this was extended to fem. stems: ζαµ αυ 7 21. 5. -loc. rather than a gen. ). This loss of ability to govern a genitive is probably the result of a tendency to reduce the number of cases governed by three-case prepositions such as παρα´, which merged the gen. with the dat. 1 6. , Lesb. , and often coexists with απ in these dialects. e. 2 7. -Cyp. π < ποσ (the Myc. form) < ποτ (Att. πρ is a different stem, for which cf.

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