By Jeroen Wiedenhof
A desirable description of an international language, A Grammar of Mandarin combines large views with illuminating intensity. full of examples from daily conversations, it goals to enable the language converse for itself. The e-book opens with an summary of the language scenario and an intensive account of Mandarin speech sounds. 9 middle chapters discover syntactic, morphological and lexical dimensions. a last bankruptcy strains the chinese language personality script from oracle-bone inscriptions to today’s electronic pens.
This paintings will cater to language novices and linguistic experts alike. effortless reference is equipped by way of greater than 80 tables, figures, appendices, and a thesaurus. the most textual content is enriched by way of sections in finer print, delivering additional research and mirrored image. instance sentences are totally glossed, translated, and defined from assorted angles, with a prepared eye for fresh linguistic swap. This grammar, briefly, finds a Mandarin language in complete swing.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Mandarin
5). In a tone language, tones may likewise infuence each others’ pronunciation; this is called TONE SANDHI . One example that has been discussed is the variation in pitch levels for the neutral tone depending on the preceding tone. In contrast, the way the third tone is realized depends on the following tone. 1), is the least common form in actual speech. e. at the end of a clause or sentence. In other contexts, the third tone behaves as follows. 6), the third tone is pronounced as a low falling tone, 21 (half-low to low) in terms of pitch levels.
Běijīnghuà 北京話 Beijing Mandarin The language of Beijing. Guānhuà 官話 Mandarin A scholarly term for the northern Chinese dialects, distributed from the Amur river in northeastern China to Yúnnán province in the south, with a western ofshoot into Gānsu and Xīnjiāng. Guóyǔ 國語 standard Mandarin Literally meaning ‘national language’, this term has been in use since the early 20th century to designate Beijing Mandarin as a standard language. Today the term is still used in Taiwan and in non-Mandarin areas in China.
Pǔtōnghuà 普通話 standard Mandarin Literally ‘ordinary talk’, the term refers to Beijing Mandarin as a standard language. Used in the People’s Republic of China since the 1950s to replace the name Guóyǔ. Xiàndài Hànyǔ 現代漢語 Modern Chinese Educational and political term for standard Mandarin. Zhōngguóhuà 中國話 Chinese Traditional, now somewhat outdated term for any form of spoken Chinese. Zhōngwén 中文 Chinese Informal and frequently used term for any form of Chinese, especially written forms. 6 The number description of Mandarin 9 tence.