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By David E. Watters

It is a entire grammatical documentation of Kham, a formerly undescribed language from west-central Nepal, belonging to the Tibeto-Burman language relatives. The language has an strange constitution, containing a couple of features which are of rapid relevance to present paintings on linguistic conception, together with break up ergativity and its demonstrative approach. Its verb morphology has implications for the certainty of the historical past of the complete Tibeto-Burman kinfolk. The e-book, in accordance with broad fieldwork, presents copious examples through the exposition. it is going to be a beneficial source for typologists and normal linguists alike.

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Like the palatal variants of /s/ to [5] shown in (3a), so also /z/, /c/, /ch/, and /j/ have palatalized variants [<], [t5], [t5æ], and [d<], respectively, in identical environments. 4 Nasals There are three nasal consonants – /m/, /n/, and /≥/. Though all three occur in syllable-initial and syllable-final positions, there is a general tendency in Takale Kham for final *-n and *-0 to erode, being replaced by nasalization on the preceding vowel, and in some cases, modification of the vowel itself.

Combinations are generative with their own syntax, capable of forming hundreds of complex locative expressions. The demonstratives ‘this’ and ‘that,’ in fact, are complex expressions, derived from deictic primitives by nominalization. i. Morphology Kham is highly agglutinative with a rich morphology. Nouns are inflected for a single prefixal position (possession or, with a few nouns, a classifier numeral), and several suffix positions, most of which are instantiated by local case markers – locative, adessive, inessive, superessive, cisative, allative, ablative, elative, delative, comparative, lative, orientative, and comitative.

This is not a problem in most cases; most words, because of obligatory affixation, are polysyllabic and therefore necessarily polymoraic, as in the following: (18) a. si-ke b. ge-ba-ke ‘he died’ ‘we went’ A potential problem arises with the class of monomoraic morphemes that can occur without affixation – noun roots and particles. Particles, however, are phonologically 6 This rule does not apply to polysyllabic words in which all the morphemes are one syllable, one mora long. 2 Vowels 25 parasitic and attach to a word or phrase.

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