By Fischer, W.
Translated from the German by way of Jonathan Rogers
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Classical Arabic
El arriva Giovanni arrives Giovanni Ergative (---. Giovannii arriva tJ. Giovanni arrives. It may be worth noting for the sake of clarity that the above classification refers to O-structure information and not for example to Case marking properties. Thus, by 'transitive' verbs, we do not mean to refer to all and only those verbs that can assign accusative Case. 1 below). The simple assumption that Move a may fail, combined with the ergative hypothesis, will now enable us to maintain (6), repeated here below, as an exhaustive characterization of the distribution of ne, and correspondingly to explain the noted regularities over certain domains.
Molti ne telefoneranno. many oj-them will telephone. (subject) Furthermore, even within the domain of i-subjects, the possibility for NeCl is entirely uniform over certain subdomains. One such sub domain is that of transitive verbs. With transitive verbs Ne-Cl from an i-subject is always impossible as in (5iii) above, the choice of verb having no effect on this result. In addition, there are three subdomains within which Ne-CI from an i-subject is systematically possible. The first one is represented by the passive construction, as illustrated in (8).
Molti esperti Many experts arnveranno. will arrive. b. Arriveranno molti esperti. will arrive many experts. Many experts will arrive. a. Molti esperti Many experts telefoneranno. will telephone. b. Telefoneranno will telephone molti esperti. many experts. Many experts will telephone. a. Molti esperti esamineranno il caso. Many experts will examine the case. b. Esamineranno il caso molti esperti. will examine the case many experts. Many experts will examine the case. Let us note the obvious similarities between the (a) and the corresponding (b) cases above.