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By G. Mirfendereski

In a chain of brief tales that either tell and amuse, this booklet transports the reader around the windswept beaches of the Caspian Sea and offers a provocative view of the wars, peace, intrigues, and betrayals that experience formed the political geography of this crucial and risky quarter. The loss of life of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the eclipsing of the previous Iranian-Soviet regime of the ocean have given upward push to new demanding situations for the neighborhood actors and extraordinary possibilities for overseas avid gamers to faucet into the area's huge, immense oil and fuel assets, 3rd in dimension simply in the back of Siberia and the Persian Gulf. This ebook explores the old subject matters that tell and animate the extra quick and regularly occurring discussions approximately petroleum, pipelines, and ethnic clash within the Caspian area.

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Extra resources for A Diplomatic History of the Caspian Sea: Treaties, Diaries, and Other Stories

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These only escorted ships found in waters off Astarabad. Steamers, too, were not of much use, because by the time the boilers were readied for the chase, the Turkmens had disappeared from the scene. After a two-day stay on Ashuradeh, at noon, on October 12, 1860, Melgunov and his party, which included Mir Baba, the headman of Qara Tappeh, boarded a barqa and set out to explore the Persian coast, intending to visit first the ruins at Qara Tappeh. The barqa, known as barcasse in French and barkas in Russian, was a rather large, long-sized boat with a wide midsection that was used usually for fishing.

In periods of severe decrease in the water levels, the Little Ashuradeh Island, farthest from the peninsula, would also join the peninsula and extinguish itself as a separate geographical entity. On to Ashuradeh! ” The three islands have been a part of Miyankaleh since the early 1930s. When the waters rise in the Caspian, as they periodically have done, the three islands would reappear as parts of the peninsula itself would disappear. At the time of this writing, in September 2000, there has been no noted reemergence of the Ashuradeh Islands.

Russian merchant marine vessels shall have, like before,” Article 8 stated, “the right to navigate freely the length of and land on the shores of the Caspian and which in the case of shipwreck in Persia shall find rescue and assistance. ” The indemnity provisions of the “peace and friendship” treaty itself Creeping South to Asatara-Chay 27 aside, the commercial treaty imposed indirectly further fiscal burdens on Persia by providing highly advantageous commercial terms and tariff concessions to Russia and its subjects.

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