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By Michael Kennedy

This advent to the heritage of medication starts off with the evolution of infectious ailments on the finish of the final ice age. It describes the foundation of technology and drugs in historical civilizations, together with China and India. the 1st 3rd of the e-book covers the early interval that's thought of the "classical" historical past of medication. the rest describes the evolution of recent drugs and surgical procedure as much as the current. the ultimate bankruptcy is a background of clinical economics and explains the foundation of medical health insurance, HMOs and clinical malpractice court cases, matters defined nowhere else within the scientific tuition curriculum.

There is a forty web page index and over 550 footnotes, so much of them references to the unique articles defined within the textual content. A bibliography of crucial resources can also be integrated.

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Sample text

With the exception of the funds under subpara. 3, all funds entrusted to the Bank are executed by the beneficiary and are untied, and consultants are selected and employed in accordance with the Consultant Guidelines. 00, apply. 1 GLOBAL AND REGIONAL TRUST FUNDS Major donor-supported trust funds of this type include, for example, the Global Environmental Facility (GEF), which finances the hiring of consultants to conduct research and studies on global environmental issues such as biodiversity, global warming, and greenhouse effects; the Mediterranean Environment Technical Assistance Program (METAP), which finances environmental studies; and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), which finances energy sector studies in Borrower countries.

Notes 1. Although to provide a single no-objection for the RFP and the shortlist simplifies the process, in practice separate no-objections are often issued. 2. 00, “Procurement under Bank Financed Operations,” World Bank, July 2001. 3. Appendix 1, para. 3, of the Consultant Guidelines. 1 Chapter 9 Steps in the Selection Process When the permanent hiring of specialized staff is not justified, Borrowers may engage consultants for special tasks and to supplement their in-house capabilities over defined periods of time.

It is the method most frequently used to select consultants under Bank-funded assignments.

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